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Plastic Waste-Canada

Page history last edited by shamar 11 years, 6 months ago


Emmy/ Eric W /Neal / Shamar


  1. As a group you will co-construct your leaning about your chosen National topic. 
  2. Over the next 5 days, you will research your topic in relation to PEPS and using the Success Criteria as a guide. 
  3. All research will have to be sourced and put into jot notes. 

  Line through jot note/bullet means already used. 

already used for paragraph

1.  Physical-Physical Landscape of the Earth

(location, country size, time zone, natural resources, important physical landforms, climate)


Plastic waste is effecting our earth by pollution and chemicals effecting the earth which is mainly effecting the oceans and there is also a big garbage dump. Also, the area is more than twice the size of Texas by the Pacific Rim (China, Japan and Korea) and Canada and Alaska. It's more plastic waste than water. Also plastic waste in Winnipeg gets shipped to China and it's made into things that can't be recycled like fly swatters. Although the plastic doesn't end up in Winnipeg it ends up in a landfill somewhere else in the world.  Also, animals (mainly birds) are thinking the plastic waste is food so they gobble it up. That plastic waste can kill the birds or animals that think it's food. Like This or Like This  Either way, it still shows my point about animals getting killed by plastic waste. It's not just birds getting killed. Other animals to.  In the developing countries all the plastic waste that's sent there can contaminate the drinking water, air and soil.  All across Canada, plastic bags are killing/trapping marine animals, clogging sewers and ending up even in people's backyard's and even a country as big as Canada, the wind is strong and if it's consistent then it could carry a plastic bag Newfoundland to British Columbia and of course it could get blown the other way into the Alantic Ocean and end up on somebodies ship.


 - hurting environment  

- birds and other animals dying because of it 

- wind blowing plastic bags 

- clogging sewers and blocking drains so rain water gets left on streets and is a safety hazard to cars

- marine and other animals dying because they're are trapped and lose air

- animals think the plastic is food

- littler water in the water sources because plastic is most of it

- Plastic waste such as plastic bags are put in landfills and doesn't biodegrade
- The decomposition of a plastic bag takes about 1000 years under perfect condition
- Each year more and more plastic bags are ending up littering the environment

- Arboform has better thermal and mechanical properties than plastic and wood put together and

- liquid wood is also called Arboform

- About 100,000 animals are killed each year because the animals think it's food and then they die
- Worse the ingested bags remain in after the death and decomposition of the animal and it lies on the landscape waiting for another victim to eat it
- the future of plastic bags depends on the oil we have and while we are making these bags we are forgeting about the oil we need in our car
- liquid wood is an eco-friendly alternative to plastic
- liquid wood is a strong thermoplastic formulated from lignin, natural fibers and wax
it is non-toxic, biodegradeable and doesn't depend on a nonrenewable resource such as petroleum

- Environment Canada and Canada Border Services say that the electronic plastic waste taken from 27 Canadian companies since November 2005 originated from across Canada but mainly Quebec and Ontario (continued)
- The waste included: thousands of computer monitors containing lead, lead-acid batteries  flourecent lamp ballasts containing polychlorinated biphenlys (PCBs) which is toxic to the environment and humans

- It takes 430000 (four hundred thirty) gallons of oil to make 100 million (100, 000, 000)plastic bags

- In Vancouver plastic bags are of the top ten things that litter the community beaches, roads, sidewalks, and parks

- More1.6 billion gallons of oil is spent on making plastic bags, what a waste

- more people want the  government to make liqiud wood

- other animals might become extinc because of plastic waste 

-  creating to many landfills

  • buried plastic bags block natural flow of oxygen and water through the soil
  • when we make tons of plastic bags, we only recycle 1% of them, pitiful isn't it
  • If plastic bags are burned, they release dangerous toxins and carcinogens into the air 
  • plastic is made from something called petrochemicals 
  • a main ingredient in petrochemicals is oil
  • a plastic bottle is made from the same petrochemical as the fiber we call polyester!
  • plastic is manufactured 


2.  Economic- Forms of Trade, work or any money related activities

(currency, GDP, major exports and imports, literacy rate etc.) 


  This effects the economy because it blocks imports from coming to and fro from countries that are currently importing and exporting with Canada like China and especially China. If you look around your house most things in your house comes from China and I don't think China wants to go most of the way around the world because if the garbage wasn't there they could easily travel to BC and now they might stop exporting things to us because of the plastic waste. Another economic problem is that "Canadians still carry home about 55 million plastic bags a week" (Quote from the Toronto Star) and the problem with that is that we buy the plastic bags that are causing all of these environmental problems.  Something else is all the rich countries are buying then discarding it and we keep doing that meanwhile, the poorer countries are trying to recycle all of this waste that's sent to them from the rich countries and the workers in the poorer countries are dying because of all of the things were are buying. On June 1,2009 the store Metro which owns  nearly 600 across Ontario and Quebec stores started charging $0.05 for plastic bags along with Loblaws and Sobeys. However, Sobeys only charges for plastic bags in Ontario. Even though Metro's program only affects Ontario and Quebec, it's a matter of time until all of Canada is following the same program.


_ Metro started fee june 1st, 2009

- plastic blocking imports/exports (by water transportation) from different provinces/terretories 

- 55 million bags taken home in a week 

- charging 5 cents per bag

- Only Ontario and Quebec stores charging 5 cent fee in Canada

- Metro and Loblaws are only chain of stores in both provinces that charge the fee

- Export of the toxic material is a violation of Chinese and Hong Kong domestic laws, Canadian law, and the Basel Convention, adopted in 1989 to regulate the exporting of hazardous wastes

- Canada illegally exports plastic waste and other toxic wastes
- 50 containers loaded with about 500,000 kgs of metal and plastic scrap exported to Hong Kong and China from Port of Vancouver

The federal government is allowing exporting of plastic waste to developing countries 


3.  Political- Government Activities, laws, or any symbols related to these activities (forms of government, capital city, political leaders).


One good thing that the government is doing is reducing plastic waste. You can help the government by not buying plastic bags, telling your friends to do this and reusing what you can. Also, I'm kind of glad Rob Ford isn't prime minister because he doesn't want the $0.05 fee for plastic bags and the fee is helping people come off there habits of buying plastic bags and instead using renewable bags. If we didn't have that fee Canada's landfills would be a lot fuller.Also, we as a rich country (developed country) buy things then discard it, buy things then discard it. Ever wonder what happens to all the waste. Well, we ship it off to the poorer countries because we have absolutely no idea what to do with it all. When it gets to the poorer countries the waste is recycled but all the waste endangers the workers health because the waste carries a number of toxic substances. It also can contaminate the air, soil and the little drinking water they have. On June 1,2009 the city of Toronto starts forcing stores to charge for single-use plastic bags.

 - recycling and reducing plastic waste

- reusing plastic bottles

- government of Ontario helps recycling 

- people should stop buying plastic bags we would have less taxes and the government wouldn't be paying for landfill workers and the government would be spending money on things for our country

- if that happend we would have a better economy

  • the level of government that would be involved would be the federal government because the issue is all over Canada
  • the  Minister of Natural Resources would be affected
  • so would the Minister of Fisheries and Oceans
  • also the Minister of the Environment 
  • the Minister of Health to
  •  the federal government is allowing for plastic waste to be illegally exported to China and it's point of entry is the Guiya of Guangdong Province
  • government is making use lower and lower 

4.  Social- People and the cultures, beliefs and traditions that define them

(languages, religion, celebrations, recreation, values, immigration, population etc.)



  A good thing is hopefully people will tell friends not to buy plastic bags and then we won't need as much landfills and places to dump our plastic bags and if people tell their friends they're going to tell other people and so on and eventually most people in Canada won't be using plastic bags.  Something else is that we as Canadians carry home over 55 million plastic bags home every week! In two weeks we carry home 110 million plastic bags. At the next Olympics or big event that we have in Canada we should get (if there's an announcer) the announcer to put all the companies that make plastic bags to shame by the announcer saying " Citizens of Canada, on behalf of the students in Mcmurrich School in Toronto, Ontario, I would like to say that Canada in the year of 2030 will hopefully be almost fully green and Eco-friendly." Also, that announcement will start to motivate lots of people to start making their communities greener. Although, Canada will probably never fully green and fully Eco-friendly, we can come close to it!  A problem with plastic waste is the workers that are trying to recycle it can't support their families because the waste is hazardous to their health and that means children have to go work so they can support their families while them doing that is giving up any chance of getting an education, especially girls.


- People telling people not to buy plastic bags , they want canvas bags 

- spread canvas bags to the community 

- Concerned parents are already wanting to replace plastic water bottles to protect their kids from bis phenol A and phthalate toxins (chemicals used to harden plastics)

- Plastic is most of the objects of people's house such as:
-     Detergent containers
                 - Sour cream containers
                 - Candy/Chocolate wrappers and hundreds of other things

                - garbage bags

                 - computers

                     - TV remotes



- According to the Institute of Chemical Waste Management, about 15% of our garbage is classified as toxic, and only 85% (approximately) of that is disposed of properly
- The environment protection agency (EPA) estimates that every person living in Canada produces one ton of toxic waste every year

- when we are buying plastic bags, we are telling the companies that make them to keep making them

- if every person in that lives in Ottawa, Toronto, Quebec City, Charlottetown, Halifax, Fredericton, St.Johns (capital of Newfoundland), Winnipeg, Regina, Victoria and Edmonton stopped using plastic bags then there would be a noticeable difference and other cities/villages would follow not wanting to be left out 

- Food Democracy - The right of all people to an adequate, safe, nutritious, sustainable, food supply.





  • plastic compact discs and casette tapes are made using petroleum products



You Can Help!


Question: How Do I Help?


Answer: By Following These Simple Rules!


  •  Try to avoid buying products that are wrapped by thereself and try to shop for bulk items 
  • Choose products that can be recycled and not to choose ones that will make waste: Use cotton napkins, ceramic plates instead of paper plates,don't use disposable towelettes and use reuseable drinking containers instead of plastic bottles
  • Use vegetable oil-based soap in the shower because it's good for your skin, it isn't wrapped in layers of packaging and it's more Eco friendly than than normal shower gels
  • Don't pour varnishes, solvents, nonsoluable paint or used oil down a drain
  • Ask your parents to use certified Eco friendly detergents without surpassing recommend doses




Cite Your Resources! 



Plastic waste books:


 - Suzuki, David, David Suzuki's Green Guide, Vancouver, Graystone Books,2008 



-Barnham Kay, RECYCLE, New york, Crabtree Publishing Company, 2008


- Hirschmann, Kris. Pollution. Farmington Hills, MI: Thomson Gale, 2005 


            - Text by: Delannoy, Isabelle , photos/illustrations by :Arthus-Bertrand, Yann. Our Living Earth. New York: Harry N.Abrams,Inc. 




  •  The Toronto Star 





Related links and Resources



Plastic waste websites: 





















Video on different countries that have plastic bags dumped:
























If you could see the real impact of plastic bottle usage in Canada 


Plastic Waste in Mantoba 



Plastic Waste Images










 http://www.CBC.ca/gfx/images/news/photos/2010/11/ 09/story/mychaylo-recycle.jpg










  • The Toronto Star "The Elastic Demand on Plastic"





Comments (26)

eric said

at 10:21 am on Feb 3, 2011

I got alot of websites,videos and images that will help our reasearch.

ericw said

at 6:40 pm on Feb 3, 2011

I didn't get my password or I would have put the websites, videos and images on sooner.

Rambaran said

at 9:56 pm on Feb 3, 2011

Wow, Eric you have done a great job collecting resources for your group. Your group should focus on plastic waste as it related to Canada and through a National lens.

ericw said

at 3:19 pm on Feb 4, 2011

Okay, I just never knew that.

ericw said

at 6:00 pm on Feb 4, 2011

Do you guys understand the political part because I don't?

Lisette said

at 7:25 pm on Feb 4, 2011

I am a grade 6 but I think its greate how much info you guys added great jod keep it up!!!!

ericw said

at 5:32 pm on Feb 5, 2011


Rambaran said

at 10:17 pm on Feb 6, 2011

When analyzing your national issue which is plastic waste how might government play a role in this issue? or what levels of government play a role in this issue and why?

Rambaran said

at 6:15 pm on Feb 7, 2011

It is important that you verify and check your information. Carefully use resources and interpret it into your own works. Check your political section for the information you entered.

ericw said

at 6:07 pm on Feb 11, 2011

Which part?

ericw said

at 7:17 pm on Feb 10, 2011

Come on guys we need to get more info for our Social Question!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

ericw said

at 7:41 pm on Feb 10, 2011

I think we also need to add to our political section and Neal, how does the Government of Ontario help with recycling?

ericw said

at 6:06 pm on Feb 11, 2011

Shamar what did you do last night. I have an idea!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! I will mainly focus on the Physical section, Neal you mainly focus on the Economic section, Shamar you mainly focus on the Political section and Emmy you mainly focus on the Social section but if you guys find info on any other sections feel free to put it in.

Tavares said

at 10:26 pm on Feb 11, 2011

Everyone needs to continue to research and highlight in your own words the key ideas in jot notes from what you are reading (books or websites). Your research at this time should not include inferences. Use PEPS as a lense to guide you through your reading.

ericw said

at 6:45 pm on Feb 13, 2011


Rambaran said

at 9:30 pm on Feb 12, 2011

Eric that is a great strategy. Remember to put your research into jot notes and into your own words. Don't make inferences about information you have heard about, it should be well researched for example when I modelled in class using books and reliable web sources.

Rambaran said

at 9:36 pm on Feb 12, 2011

It is essential the Grade 5's identify the different levels of government involved in their issue and include the ministry that would effect the issue directly.

ericw said

at 6:48 pm on Feb 13, 2011

We'll try.

ericw said

at 6:07 pm on Feb 17, 2011

We are only 183 words away from reaching 2000 words. I think we should set a goal that we are going to get 2100 words. That means 283 more words.

ericw said

at 6:00 pm on Feb 19, 2011

I passed our goal because now we are at 2209 words!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Clara said

at 11:38 pm on Feb 18, 2011

Hey guys!! Keep up the great work!! :D

ericw said

at 3:40 pm on Feb 19, 2011


Niya said

at 2:07 pm on Feb 19, 2011

good job!!!

ericw said

at 3:38 pm on Feb 19, 2011

Thank you!

ericw said

at 5:31 pm on Feb 23, 2011

let's get this done!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

ericw said

at 8:59 pm on Mar 9, 2011

Don't forget to look at the Revising and Proofreading page when doing our paragraph page.

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